Wikipedia.Org.Uk Dateiverwendung

sinergiacasanare.co – staatliches sinergiacasanare.co –sinergiacasanare.co – allgemeine Benutzung (üblich gemeinnützige Organisationen). English: The Rail Disaster Memorial, near to Abergele, Conwy County, Wales. A memorial to the 33 people who were killed in the rail accident near. org/wiki/Abraham_Gottlob_Werner Leopold von Buch: sinergiacasanare.co uk/art/sinergiacasanare.co Galileo Galilei: sinergiacasanare.co sinergiacasanare.co [] Wiesner, (): Konnektivismus http: / / sinergiacasanare.co /wiki/ Konnektivismus. Ebreo) - sinergiacasanare.co La Comunità ebraica a sinergiacasanare.co+to+go/east+of+england/norwich/tra?ixsid.

Wikipedia.Org.Uk

Stourhead_House_-_sinergiacasanare.co_-_jpg ‎( × Pixel, Dateigröße​: 90 Verwendung auf sinergiacasanare.co Verwendung auf sinergiacasanare.co Deutschlands führende Nachrichtenseite. Alles Wichtige aus Politik, Wirtschaft, Sport, Kultur, Wissenschaft, Technik und mehr. sinergiacasanare.co – staatliches sinergiacasanare.co –sinergiacasanare.co – allgemeine Benutzung (üblich gemeinnützige Organisationen).

Wikipedia.Org.Uk - Rechtsprechung zu Art. 146 GG

Objekt fungiert als : Fotograf. Anders ist es bei der. Diese Website verwendet Akismet, um Spam zu reduzieren. Genehmigung Weiternutzung dieser Datei. Betreiber : Geograph Britain and Ireland. Stourhead_House_-_sinergiacasanare.co_-_jpg ‎( × Pixel, Dateigröße​: 90 Verwendung auf sinergiacasanare.co Verwendung auf sinergiacasanare.co sinergiacasanare.co Keir Starmer – Wikipedia. sinergiacasanare.co PestFix Next Day Pest Control Supplies For DIY and Professional Pest Controllers. Startseite · Suchaktivitäten · Sammlungen · Offlinesuchanfragen · Einstellungen · Meine Daten in der Google-Suche · Wie funktioniert die Google-Suche? Deutschlands führende Nachrichtenseite. Alles Wichtige aus Politik, Wirtschaft, Sport, Kultur, Wissenschaft, Technik und mehr. Dieses Grundgesetz, das nach Vollendung der Einheit und Freiheit Deutschlands für das gesamte deutsche Volk gilt, verliert seine Gültigkeit an dem Tage, an. Diese Datei stammt aus Wikimedia Commons und kann von anderen Projekten verwendet werden. Achtung: Lobhudelvanille. English: Stourhead House. Betreiber : Geograph Britain and Ireland. Creative Commons Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 2. A memorial to the 33 people who were killed in the rail accident near Abergele on 20th Augustthey were buried in the m. Betreiber : Geograph Britain and Ireland. Und natürlich: Gerne weitermachen! Die folgende Seite verwendet diese Datei: Eisenbahnunfall von Abergele. Die britische Regierung von Boris Well. Beste Spielothek in Saubichl finden will agiert dabei zunehmend erratisch, unentschlossen und ziellos und scheint das Land have Lotto24 App Android are in einen No-Deal-Brexit laufen, da es keine Bereitschaft gibt die am Ende des Jahres auslaufende Übergangsfrist mit der EU zu verlängern.

Wikipedia.Org.Uk Video

Health Protection Scotland established an incident management team at the time and traced contacts from delegates. On 1 March, a further 13 cases were reported including new cases in Greater Manchester and Scotland; bringing the total to 36, three of which were believed to be contacts of the case in Surrey who had no history of travel abroad.

On 5 March, the first death from COVID, a woman in her 70s, was reported in Reading , [60] and the second, a man in his 80s in Milton Keynes , was reported to have died later that day.

On 12 March, the total of cases in the UK was reported to be Schools were asked to cancel trips abroad, and people over 70 and those with pre-existing medical conditions were advised to avoid cruises.

The United Kingdom local elections were postponed for a year. On 16 March, Prime Minister Boris Johnson advised everyone in the UK against "non-essential" travel and contact with others, as well as suggesting people should avoid pubs, clubs and theatres, and work from home if possible.

Pregnant women, people over 70 and those with certain health conditions were urged to consider the advice "particularly important", and would be asked to self-isolate within days.

Having previously "advised" the public to avoid pubs and restaurants, on 23 March, Boris Johnson announced in a television broadcast that measures to mitigate the virus were to be tightened further to protect the NHS, with wide-ranging restrictions made on freedom of movement, enforceable in law , [8] for a "stay at home" period which would last for at least three weeks.

On 26 March, the number of UK coronavirus deaths increased by more than in a day for the first time, rising to , while a total of 11, had tested positive for the virus.

The letter would also be accompanied by a leaflet setting out the government's lockdown rules along with health information. On 30 March the Prime Minister's senior adviser Dominic Cummings was reported to be self-isolating after experiencing coronavirus symptoms.

He had been at Downing Street on 27 March and was stated to have developed symptoms over 28 and 29 March [91]. At the end of March, transmission within the community was thought to be decreasing, and hospital admission data suggested cases were increasing at a slower rate.

On 2 April, Health Secretary Matt Hancock, after his seven-day period of isolation , announced a "five pillar" plan for testing people for the virus, with the aim of conducting , tests a day by the end of April.

That day, Boris Johnson was admitted to hospital as a "precautionary measure" after suffering from symptoms for more than a week with no improvement.

On 7 April the number of reported deaths increased by , taking the total to 6, The figure compared with deaths for the previous day. Patrick Vallance, the government's chief scientific adviser, said the figures were not accelerating as had been predicted but it was too early to tell whether the outbreak was peaking.

On 9 April, the number of daily recorded deaths was , taking the total to 7, Dominic Raab said the UK was "starting to see the impact" of the restrictions but it was "too early" to lift them, and urged people to stay indoors over the Easter weekend.

On 10 April, the UK recorded another deaths, taking the total to 8, Jonathan Van-Tam , England's deputy chief medical officer, told the UK Government's daily briefing the lockdown was "beginning to pay off" but the UK was still in a "dangerous situation", and although cases in London had started to drop they were still rising in Yorkshire and the North East.

Fifteen drive-through testing centres had also been opened around the UK to test frontline workers. On 11 April, the number of reported deaths increased by , taking the total to 9, After some NHS workers said they still did not have the correct personal protective equipment to treat patients, Home Secretary Priti Patel told that day's Downing Street briefing she was "sorry if people feel there have been failings" in providing kit.

Boris Johnson left hospital on Sunday 12 April. Matt Hancock described it as a "sombre day". On 13 April, the number of reported deaths increased by to 11, Dominic Raab told the Downing Street briefing the government did not expect to make any immediate changes to the lockdown restrictions and that the UK's plan "is working [but] we are still not past the peak of this virus".

On 14 April, the number of reported deaths increased by to 12, More than 16, deaths in the UK were recorded for that week, 6, higher than would be the average for that time of year.

Responding to these concerns, Therese Coffey , the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions , said hospital figures were being used because "it's accurate and quick".

Matt Hancock announced new guidelines that would allow close family members to see dying relatives to say goodbye to them.

Hancock also launched a new network to provide -- personal protective equipment to care home staff. Helen Whately , the Minister for Social Care, said the government were aware the figures were being understated.

On 16 April, Dominic Raab revealed that lockdown restrictions would continue for "at least" another three weeks, and to relax them too early would "risk wasting all the sacrifices and all the progress that has been made".

He set out five conditions for any easing of the lockdown. On 17 April, the number of recorded deaths rose by , taking the total to 14, Matt Hancock confirmed coronavirus tests would be rolled out to cover more public service staff such as police officers, firefighters and prison staff.

On 19 April, the number of recorded deaths increased by to 16, Jenny Harries said the lower number of deaths was "very good news" but cautioned against drawing conclusions from the figures.

The Department for Education announced a focus on home learning for children. On 28 April, Kawasaki Syndrome was reported in children.

On 29 April, the number of people who have died with coronavirus in the UK passed 26,, as official figures include deaths in the community, such as in care homes, for the first time.

On 5 May, the UK death toll became the highest in Europe and second highest in the world. On 7 May, the lockdown in Wales was extended by the Welsh Government, with some slight relaxations.

On 10 May, Prime Minister Johnson asked those who could not work from home to go to work, avoiding public transport if possible; and encouraged the taking of "unlimited amounts" of outdoor exercise, and allowing driving to outdoor destinations within England.

In his statement he changed the 'Stay at Home' slogan to 'Stay Alert'. When first announced, Johnson stated that the UK was on level 4, moving towards level 3.

On 25 May the prime minister's adviser Dominic Cummings was criticised over his alleged breaches of the lockdown rules. On 28 May Scotland's First Minister Nicola Sturgeon announced an easing of the lockdown in Scotland from the following day, with people able to meet friends and family outside in groups of no more than eight but keeping two metres apart.

On 2 July, the government revised the total number of cases down by 30, because some people were counted twice in the earlier figures.

The actual increase in the number of cases for 2 July was or 0. The first published government statement on the coronavirus situation in Wuhan was released on 22 January by the Department of Health and Social Care and Public Health England.

On 25 February , the UK's CMOs advice for all travellers unwell or not who had returned to the UK from Hubei province in the previous 14 days, Iran, specific areas designated by the Italian government as quarantine areas in northern Italy and special care zones in South Korea since 19 February, to self-isolate and call NHS Initially, Prime Minister Boris Johnson largely kept Britain open, resisting the kind of lockdowns seen elsewhere in Europe.

More than scientists urged the government to rethink the approach in an open letter. On 2 March, Johnson said in an interview with BBC News : "The most important thing now is that we prepare against a possible very significant expansion of coronavirus in the UK population".

This came after the 39th case in the UK was confirmed and over a month after the first confirmed case in the UK.

Public Health England has also been involved with efforts to support the British Overseas Territories against the outbreak.

On 27 March, Johnson said he had contracted coronavirus and was self-isolating, and that he would continue to lead the Government's response to coronavirus through video conference.

On 12 March, the government announced it was moving out of the contain phase and into the delay phase of the response to the coronavirus outbreak.

The announcement said that in the following weeks, the government would introduce further social distancing measures for older and vulnerable people, and asking them to self-isolate regardless of symptoms.

It announcement sidd that if the next stage were introduced too early, the measures would not protect at the time of greatest risk but they could have a huge social impact.

The government said that its decisions were based on careful modelling and that government measures would only be introduced that were supported by clinical and scientific evidence, [].

This reversed an interim recommendation made in January , due to more information about the disease confirming low overall mortality rates, greater clinical awareness, and a specific and sensitive laboratory test, the availability of which continues to increase.

The statement said "the need to have a national, coordinated response remains" and added, "this is being met by the government's COVID response".

On 16 March, the UK government started holding daily press briefings. The briefings were to be held by the Prime Minister or government ministers and advisers.

The government had been accused of a lack of transparency over their plans to tackle the virus. British sign language is a recognised language in Scotland and Wales, with interpreters standing 2 metres behind Ministers.

Northern Ireland's briefings had both British and Irish Sign Language interpreters who were shown on a small screen in the press conference room.

The UK briefing did not have an interpreter in the room or on a screen leading to a twitter campaign about the issue.

On 24 March, all major mobile telephony providers, acting upon a government request, sent out an SMS message to each of their customers, with advice on staying isolated.

Backer Toby Harris said the government had not yet agreed upon who would fund and govern such a system. The UK Influenza Pandemic Preparedness Strategy was published in and updated in , [] alongside a review of the available medical and social countermeasures.

The guidance stated: []. There are important differences between 'ordinary' seasonal flu and pandemic flu.

These differences explain why we regard pandemic flu as such a serious threat. Pandemic influenza is one of the most severe natural challenges likely to affect the UK.

In June the Permanent Secretary at the Treasury Tom Scholar and the Cabinet Office Permanent Secretary Alex Chisholm told the Public Accounts Committee that in the government simulated an international flu outbreak, but the civil service did not subsequently create a plan for dealing with the pandemic's effects on the economy.

The government published the Health Protection Coronavirus Regulations on 10 February , a statutory instrument covering the legal framework behind the government's initial containment and isolation strategies and its organisation of the national reaction to the virus for England.

On 19 March, the government introduced the Coronavirus Act , which grants the government discretionary emergency powers in the areas of the NHS, social care, schools, police, the Border Force, local councils, funerals and courts.

Closures to pubs, restaurants and indoor sports and leisure facilities were imposed via the Health Protection Coronavirus, Business Closure England Regulations On 25 June the Corporate Insolvency and Governance Act was enacted to provide additional protections to companies in financial difficulty as a result of the impacts of the pandemic.

There has been criticism of the UK Government's response. In late March Dr. The message from China was absolutely clear that a new virus with pandemic potential was hitting cities.

We knew that 11 weeks ago and then we wasted February when we could have acted. Anthony Costello , a former WHO director, made a similar point in April, saying: "We should have introduced the lockdown two or three weeks earlier.

It is a total mess and we have been wrong every stage of the way. From the 18th century to the early 20th century, the UK was one of the most powerful nations in the world, with a huge navy due to the fact it was surrounded by sea, so a large navy was the most practical option.

It is also still seen as a great military power. The UK is a developed country with the sixth largest economy in the world.

It was a superpower during the 18th, 19th and early 20th century and was considered since the early s to be the most powerful and influential nation in the world, in politics, economics For it was the wealthiest country at the time.

Britain continued to be the biggest manufacturing economy in the world until and the largest economy until the s. The economic cost of two world wars and the decline of the British Empire in the s and s reduced its leading role in global affairs.

The UK has strong economic, cultural, military and political influence and is a nuclear power. London , the capital, is famous as being the largest centre of finance in the world, along with New York City in the United States.

William Shakespeare was an English playwright. He wrote plays in the late 16th century. Some of his plays were Romeo and Juliet and Macbeth.

In the 19th century, Jane Austen and Charles Dickens were novelists. Twentieth century writers include the science fiction novelist H. Wells and J.

The children's fantasy Harry Potter series was written by J. Aldous Huxley was also from the United Kingdom.

English language literature is written by authors from many countries. Seamus Heaney is a writer who was born in Northern Ireland.

He was from Edinburgh. The poet Dylan Thomas brought Welsh culture to international attention. England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales have separate, but similar, systems of education.

They all have rules that education is required from ages five to eighteen, except for in Scotland where school departure is allowed from the age of sixteen.

Many children attend state schools and other children attend private schools. A broader group of twenty universities form the Russell Group , which account for two thirds of research grants and contract funding out of the total of universities.

Road traffic in the United Kingdom drives on the left hand side of the road unlike the Americas and some of Europe , and the driver steers from the right hand side of the vehicle.

The road network on the island of Great Britain is extensive, with most local and rural roads having evolved from Roman and Medieval times.

Major routes developed in the mid 20th Century were made to the needs of the motor car. The high speed motorway freeway network was mostly constructed in the s and s and links together major towns and cities.

The system of rail transport was invented in England and Wales, so the United Kingdom has the oldest railway network in the world.

It was built mostly during the Victorian era. At the heart of the network are five long distance main lines which radiate from London to the major cities and secondary population centres with dense commuter networks within the regions.

The British Rail network is part privatised, with privately owned train operating companies providing service along particular lines or regions, whilst the tracks, signals and stations are owned by a Government controlled company called Network Rail.

The system of underground railways in London, known as the Tube , has been copied by many other cities. Most domestic air travel in the United Kingdom is between London and the major cities in Scotland and the North of England and Belfast.

Other major airports with principal international service include London-Gatwick, Birmingham, Manchester and Glasgow. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Redirected from UK. Show globe. Show map of Europe. British Briton Irish Northern Ireland only. See also: History of the United Kingdom.

See also: English literature. In the English tradition, such laws are not necessary; proclamation and usage are sufficient to make it the national anthem.

The words Queen, she, her , used at present in the reign of Elizabeth II , are replaced by King, he, him when the monarch is male. Other TLDs are used regionally.

Official web site of the British Royal Family. Retrieved 4 June Council of Europe. Retrieved 12 December UK — Content design: planning, writing and managing content — Guidance".

Retrieved 3 August Retrieved 13 October Das Land ist stark auf seine Hauptstadt konzentriert, in der ein Sechstel der Bevölkerung lebt und die knapp ein Viertel der Wirtschaftsleistung erbringt.

London ist das unumstrittene wirtschaftliche, kulturelle und politische Zentrum des Vereinigten Königreichs und gilt als eine der einflussreichsten Städte weltweit.

Einwohner , Birmingham 2,5 Mio. Die meisten Ballungsräume liegen im dicht besiedelten Landesteil England.

Stand [11]. Das Klima ist feucht und aufgrund des Einflusses des Golfstroms wärmer als in anderen Gebieten auf den gleichen Breitengraden.

Aufgrund der Lage des Landes in der Konvergenzzone von kalter polarer und warmer tropischer Luft ist das Wetter sehr unbeständig.

Während zwei Dritteln des Jahres ist der Himmel bewölkt, so dass die durchschnittliche jährliche Sonnenscheindauer relativ gering ist.

An der englischen Südküste beträgt diese und , im westlichen Teil Schottlands oft weniger als Stunden.

Das Land ist relativ selten von Naturkatastrophen betroffen, vor allem im Winter können jedoch starke Sturmwinde bis zu Orkanstärke und Überschwemmungen auftreten.

Nebel tritt vor allem im Winter in den bergigen bzw. August bei Faversham in Kent , während der Hitzewelle Am kältesten war es am Da die Durchschnittstemperatur auch im Winter meist über dem Gefrierpunkt liegt, fällt nur wenig Schnee.

Ausnahme sind die schottischen Highlands, wo während einigen Wochen die Schneedecke dick genug ist, um Wintersport ausüben zu können. Wegen des relativ milden Klimas und verschiedener Böden gibt es eine gewisse Vielfalt an Pflanzengesellschaften.

Ausnahmen waren Gebiete des Marschlandes , wie die Fens. Seit dem Jahrhundert wird versucht, die Wälder wieder aufzuforsten.

Die Kulturlandschaften zwischen den Gebirgen sind mit zahlreichen Mooren und verschiedenen Wiesen und Heiden bedeckt.

Es gibt Apfel- und Kirschbaumkulturen. Es gibt über Pflanzenarten. Die Fauna ist ähnlich der in anderen Gebieten Nordwesteuropas, jedoch weniger vielfältig.

Der ehemals heimische Wolf , das Wildschwein , der Wisent und der Braunbär wurden ausgerottet. Eingebürgert sind der Damhirsch , Sikahirsch und das Wasserreh.

Das heimische Eichhörnchen wird zunehmend durch das ausgesetzte nordamerikanische Grauhörnchen verdrängt und droht völlig zu verschwinden.

Eine weitere ursprünglich nicht heimische Säugetierart ist der Mink , ein nordamerikanischer Verwandter des Nerzes.

In den Küstenregionen leben der Seehund und die Kegelrobbe. Nordirlands Tier- und Pflanzenwelt ähnelt in weiten Teilen der auf der britischen Hauptinsel.

Die Bevölkerung wuchs von 10,5 Millionen Durchführung des ersten Bevölkerungszensus auf 65,1 Millionen im Jahre an. Die Industrialisierung des Landes löste ein rasantes Bevölkerungswachstum in Kombination mit voranschreitender Urbanisierung aus.

Jahrhunderts zu verlangsamen. Ab beschleunigte sich die Dynamik wieder aufgrund der Migration aus den ehemaligen Kolonien des Königreichs.

Die Staatsbürger des Vereinigten Königreichs werden Briten genannt. In der Volkszählung betrug die Gesamtbevölkerung des Vereinigten Königreichs Dieses Englisch wird auch in den meisten Schulen Deutschlands unterrichtet.

In Schottland wird seit die schottisch-gälische Sprache neben Englisch als offizielle Amtssprache anerkannt. Daneben gibt es im Vereinigten Königreich diverse lokale Dialekte des Englischen, die aber keinen offiziellen Status haben und meist rein mündlicher Natur sind.

Noch bis in die jüngste Vergangenheit hinein empfand man Dialekte und dialektal gefärbte Aussprache im klassenbewussten Königreich als sozialen Makel.

Die Minderheitensprachen sind durch die Europäische Charta der Regional- oder Minderheitensprachen anerkannt und geschützt. In Schottland sind dies neben der schottisch-gälischen Sprache auch das Scots , in Cornwall die kornische Sprache , in Nordirland das Ulster Scots sowie die irische Sprache.

Diese Einteilung basiert auf einer subjektiven Selbstzuschreibung. Bei der Volkszählung wurden auch die Chinesen Chinese als separate Gruppe erfasst.

Der Bevölkerungsanteil von Ausländern und ethnischen Minderheiten ist regional sehr unterschiedlich. Die höchsten Anteile werden in London und in den Ballungsräumen Englands erreicht.

Diese umfassen Birmingham , Manchester und West Yorkshire. Stammten bis Ende des Diverse Gründe haben die Inder dazu veranlasst, ins Vereinigte Königreich auszuwandern.

Neben wirtschaftlichen Gründen und dem Wunsch nach einem höheren Lebensstandard spielte auch politische Verfolgung eine Rolle.

Die überwiegende Mehrheit der Pakistaner sind Anhänger des Islam. Die meisten Bangladescher sind ebenfalls Muslime. Es gibt im Vereinigten Königreich über Historisch gesehen gehören Chinesen zu der ältesten Migrantengruppe in UK.

Unter den englischen Bezeichnungen Gypsy oder Traveller wird eine Vielzahl ethnischer Minderheiten verstanden, die etwa Schon während des Zweiten Weltkrieges gab es mehrere zehntausend Polen im Land; viele dienten auf der Seite der Alliierten.

Seit Anfang des Das Bildungswesen ist dezentralisiert und in England, Wales, Nordirland und Schottland unterschiedlich organisiert.

Die folgenden Informationen geben nur einen generellen Überblick und orientieren sich am englischen Bildungssystem. Im Vereinigten Königreich besteht zwischen dem 5.

Lebensjahr Schulpflicht Vorschule ab 3. Von dessen Ergebnissen hängt es ab, ob der Schüler weiter die Schule besuchen und A-level -Prüfungen absolvieren kann.

Gute Noten in den A-level-Prüfungsfächern sind wiederum Voraussetzung, um sich in einen entsprechenden Studiengang an der Universität einzuschreiben.

Auch das International Baccalaureate wird als Abschluss angeboten. Neben den staatlichen Schulen gibt es gebührenpflichtige Privatschulen , die ca.

Ein mit Deutschland vergleichbares Berufsausbildungsangebot duales System gibt es nicht bzw. Betriebe bilden nach Eigenbedarf aus, eine Lehrlingsausbildung in handwerklichen Betrieben ist weitgehend unbekannt.

Die Top 24 von ca. Die Kosten für einen Masterstudiengang sind nicht gesetzlich reglementiert und variieren stark nach Studienfach und Hochschule.

Fremdsprachenunterricht an staatlichen englischen Schulen ist im Alter von 11 bis 14 Jahren verpflichtend.

Innerhalb der letzten 10 Jahre hat sich die Zahl der Deutschlerner an englischen Schulen halbiert Dieses integrierte System aus staatlicher Finanzplanung und weitgehend staatlicher Leistungserstellung befindet sich allerdings seit einiger Zeit im Übergang auf ein System regulierter Versorgungsmärkte.

Dieses wird dann auf der Grundlage einer komplizierten Formel an lokale beziehungsweise regionale Einrichtungen des nationalen Gesundheitsdienstes verteilt.

Im Jahr wurden Milliarden britische Pfund für die nationale Gesundheitsversorgung in England ausgegeben. Rund 50 Prozent dieser Ausgaben entfielen auf die Behandlung im Akutkrankenhaus, rund 10 Prozent auf die Primärversorgung.

Die Mehrzahl der Einwohner des Vereinigten Königreichs ca. Wie in anderen Ländern auch ist die Kirchenmitgliedschaft nicht mit der Religionszugehörigkeit gleichzusetzen.

Genaue Statistiken der Kirchenmitgliedschaft sind schwer zu erstellen, da man im Vereinigten Königreich gewöhnlich nur dann offiziell Mitglied einer Kirche wird, wenn man sich über den gelegentlichen Gottesdienstbesuch hinaus am Gemeindeleben beteiligen will.

Laut Umfragen aus dem Jahr fühlen sich ca. Diese hielten enge Verbindungen mit Gallien. Im Jahr 55 v. Die Eroberung Britanniens, mit Ausnahme Schottlands , erfolgte 43 n.

So entstand im Süden Schottlands das Königreich Strathclyde. Die meisten Gebiete, die durch die Angelsachsen beherrscht wurden, vereinigten sich ab dem Währenddessen entstand das Königreich Schottland durch die Vereinigung von Pikten und keltischen Skoten aus dem Kleinkönigreich Dalriada.

Im Anschluss an die Deklaration von Arbroath behielt Schottland seine Unabhängigkeit, es entstand dementgegen eine ständige Rivalität mit England.

Durch Erbschaften und Ansprüche auf die französische Krone waren englische Monarchen in Konflikte mit Frankreich verwickelt, herausragendster war dabei der Hundertjähriger Krieg.

Währenddessen gingen schottische Könige eine strategische Allianz mit Frankreich ein. In der frühen Neuzeit gab es religiöse Konflikte, resultierend aus der Reformation und der Einführung einer protestantischen Staatskirche.

Irland wurde ab in eine Personalunion eingebunden und formte das Königreich Irland. Gebiete des heutigen Nordirlands des katholisch gälischen Adels wurden konfisziert und protestantischen Siedlern aus England und Schottland übergeben.

Zur Mitte des Jahrhunderts waren alle drei Königreiche in eine Serie kriegerischer Auseinandersetzungen involviert, welche zur zeitweiligen Abschaffung der Monarchie und zur Formung des länderübergreifenden Commonwealth of England , Schottland und Irland führten.

Obgleich die Monarchie wieder eingeführt wurde, erlangte der Absolutismus keine Vorherrschaft. Die britische Verfassung entwickelte sich auf der Grundlage einer Konstitutionellen Monarchie und zu einem Parlamentarischen Regierungssystem.

In der folgenden Zeit entwickelte sich das Land zu einer globalen Seemacht, was zu zahlreichen Entdeckungen und Gründung von Überseekolonien führte, insbesondere in Nordamerika, später auch in Afrika und Asien.

Am November verhängte der französische Kaiser Napoleon eine Kontinentalsperre über die britischen Inseln. Sie blieb bis in Kraft.

Das Vereinigte Königreich, die dominierende Industrie- und Seefahrtsnation im Jahrhundert, spielte eine bedeutende Rolle in der Entwicklung der modernen Demokratie , in Literatur und Wissenschaft.

Auf seinem Höhepunkt umfasste das Britische Weltreich zwei Fünftel der Landfläche der Erde, die in vielen Kriegen erobert worden waren.

Die restlichen 6 Grafschaften in der Provinz Ulster verblieben, trotz irischem Widerstand, beim Vereinigten Königreich.

Im Mai wurde Winston Churchill , der seit Kabinettsmitglied war und schon lange vor der Appeasement-Politik gewarnt hatte, Premierminister.

Durch die beiden Weltkriege verlor das Land seine Weltmachtstellung, obwohl es beide Male auf der Siegerseite stand.

In der zweiten Hälfte des Jahrhunderts wurde das britische Kolonialreich bis auf einige kleine Reste aufgelöst Dekolonisation : Britisch-Indien wurde im August unabhängig, die Staaten Indien , Bangladesch und Pakistan entstanden siehe Teilung Indiens.

In Afrika wurden z. Juni Britisch-Somaliland und am 1. Oktober Nigeria unabhängig siehe Dekolonisation Afrikas. Ab herrschten zum Teil bürgerkriegsähnliche Zustände in Nordirland , welche erst mit einem Friedensabkommen Karfreitagsabkommen ein offizielles Ende fanden.

Es handelt sich bei dem Konflikt um einen Religions-, Identitäts- und Machtkampf zwischen den beiden Bevölkerungsgruppen, den englischstämmigen unionistischen Protestanten und den irischstämmigen, überwiegend irisch-nationalistischen Katholiken.

Bis dahin hatte die EG nur ihre sechs Gründungsmitglieder; am 1. Januar traten UK, Irland und Dänemark bei. Wegen wirtschaftlicher Schwierigkeiten und einer stärkeren Deindustrialisierung in den er und 80er Jahren setzte die konservative Regierung unter Margaret Thatcher — Reformen um und verfolgte eine Wirtschaftspolitik des Monetarismus um die Inflation zu bekämpfen und Staatsschulden zu verringern.

Zudem fanden Deregulierungen im Arbeitsmarkt und im Finanzsektor statt. Auch wurden staatliche Unternehmen privatisiert und einige Subventionen abgeschafft.

Dies führte zu teilweise erhöhten Arbeitslosigkeitszahlen, aber auch zu einem wirtschaftlichen Wachstum, speziell im Dienstleistungssektor.

Die Konservativen waren bis an der Macht. Im gleichen Jahr am 1. Juli wurde die britische Kronkolonie Hongkong an China zurückgegeben.

Im Zuge einer Verfassungsreform z. Über den weiteren Verbleib Schottlands im Vereinigten Königreich fand am September ein Referendum in Schottland statt, in dem die die Unabhängigkeit Schottlands vom Vereinigten Königreich von der Mehrheit der Wähler abgelehnt wurde.

Bereits am März durch schriftliche Mitteilung an den Europäischen Rat formal in die Wege. März , Uhr wirksam werden.

Oktober zu. Nachdem auch bis zu diesem Termin keine Zustimmung des britischen Parlamentes zum vorliegenden Austrittsvertrag erfolgte, gewährte die EU eine weitere Fristverlängerung bis Ende Januar Das Vereinigte Königreich ist ein Einheitsstaat und formal eine konstitutionelle Monarchie.

Sie ist ebenfalls das Staatsoberhaupt in 15 weiteren unabhängigen Ländern des Commonwealth. Die Verfassung des Landes ist nicht kodifiziert.

Diese besteht vielmehr aus Gewohnheitsrecht , erlassenen Gesetzen mit Verfassungsrang und dem Common Law , die zusammen als britisches Verfassungsrecht bezeichnet werden.

Es besitzt die Macht jegliches geschriebene oder ungeschriebene Verfassungselement abzuändern, jedoch dürfen nachfolgende Regierungen diese Änderungen ebenfalls umwandeln oder wieder rückgängig machen.

Anfänglich bildete die Magna Carta das erste Staatsgrundgesetz, allerdings räumte sie nur einer kleinen Oberschicht von Adligen Council of Barons gewisse Rechte ein.

Im Nachgang des gescheiterten schottischen Unabhängigkeitsreferendums von sind weitere Kompetenzen an Schottland übertragen worden, die sich auch auf das Devolutionsgefüge in den anderen Landesteilen auswirken.

Bei Kommunalwahlen hatten Frauen ab das aktive Wahlrecht, das passive. Juli erreicht. Das Vereinigte Königreich ist formal eine konstitutionelle Monarchie, da der britische Monarch theoretisch die Regierung absetzen kann, in der Praxis aber aufgrund eines jahrhundertelangen Gewohnheitsrechts nicht von diesem Recht Gebrauch macht.

Es handelt sich daher de facto um ein parlamentarisches Regierungssystem in Form einer parlamentarischen Monarchie , basierend auf dem Westminster-System.

Theoretisch hat er aber das Recht, einen beliebigen britischen Bürger zum Premierminister zu ernennen, sofern er nicht dem Oberhaus angehört.

Diese Entscheidungsfreiheit wird heutzutage nur noch dann relevant, wenn es keine klaren Mehrheitsverhältnisse im Parlament gibt hung parliament.

Der Premierminister übernimmt die Rolle des Regierungschefs , obwohl er unter den traditionellen Great Officers of State als Lord High Treasurer formell nur an zweiter Stelle hinter dem Lordkanzler steht.

Es tagt im Palace of Westminster in London. Die Abgeordneten des House of Commons werden nach dem Mehrheitswahlrecht gewählt.

Das demokratisch legitimierte House of Commons ist der heutzutage dominierende Zweig des Parlaments, in dem alle Gesetze eingebracht und verabschiedet werden.

Aufgrund der Parlamentssouveränität gibt es keine Verfassungsgerichtsbarkeit im Vereinigten Königreich. Er ist, gemeinsam mit dem Parlament, der souveräne Inhaber der exekutiven , legislativen und judikativen Staatsgewalt.

Erst, wenn der Monarch die königliche Genehmigung Royal Assent zu einem von den anderen beiden Kammern des Parlaments verabschiedeten Gesetz erteilt, tritt dieses in Kraft.

Allerdings wurde dies zuletzt unter der Regentschaft von Queen Anne verweigert und gilt damit heute eigentlich nur noch als Formsache.

Der Monarch kann weiterhin auf Empfehlung des Premierministers bzw. Diese Form der direkten königlichen Gesetzgebung spielt allerdings heutzutage eine untergeordnete Rolle und findet nur noch als sekundäre Gesetzgebung in Form von Verwaltungsvorschriften Anwendung.

Auch weitere Rechte, wie die Parlamentsauflösung , Begnadigungen , Ordensverleihungen oder eine Kriegserklärung , fallen in die alleinige Hoheit des Monarchen, werden aber ebenfalls in der Praxis nur noch auf Empfehlung des Premierministers ausgeübt.

Heutzutage hat der Monarch daher praktisch fast nur noch eine zeremonielle Rolle. Das Vereinigte Königreich hat etwa Das Heer hat eine Sollstärke von etwa Das UK hat seit Atomwaffen.

Das Heer hat derzeit Kampfpanzer. Die Luftwaffe hat rund Kampfflugzeuge und rund sonstige Flugzeuge.

Die britischen Streitkräfte unterhalten etliche Militärbasen im Ausland. Hierzu gehören mehrere Basen in Deutschland mit ca.

Nach den Terroranschlägen am Er wurde verabschiedet und trat am Dezember in Kraft.

Klicke auf einen Zeitpunkt, um diese Version zu laden. Einige Werte ohne einen Wikidata-Eintrag. Diese Datei stammt aus Wikimedia Commons und kann von anderen Projekten this web page werden. Jon Wornham. Gleiches trifft auf die. Namensnennung: Jon Wornham. Die Konnektierung läuft vollständig automatisiert ab und benötigt in der Regel nur wenige Stunden. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. März Diese Datei enthält weitere Informationen, die in der Regel von der Digitalkamera oder dem verwendeten Scanner stammen. Im Zuge einer Verfassungsreform z. Die synekdochische Bezeichnung England für das Vereinigte Königreich findet sich vor allem auf dem europäischen Festland und ist auf die Jahrhunderte anhaltende Dominanz Englands und die englische Amtssprache innerhalb check this out Vereinigten Königreiches zurückzuführen. The usually moderate prevailing winds from the Atlantic may be interrupted by Arctic air from the north-east or hot air from the Sahara. Most domestic air travel in the United Kingdom is between London and the major cities in Scotland and the North of England and Belfast. November verhängte der französische Kaiser Napoleon eine Kontinentalsperre über die britischen Inseln. Auf die Römer folgten die Angelsachsen und andere germanische Völker.

Wikipedia.Org.Uk Video

On 20 April, a No. It was a massive spider's web of failing. The Guardian said the meetings are normally chaired by the PM during a time of crisis and later reported that Johnson did attend one meeting "very briefly".

According to an April survey carried out by YouGov , three million adults went hungry in the first three weeks of lockdown, with 1.

It's a failure of the government to plan. When Johnson announced plans on 10 May to end the lockdown, some experts were even more critical.

Anthony Costello warned that Johnson's "plans will lead to the epidemic returning early [and] further preventable deaths," [] while Devi Sridhar , chair of global public health at the University of Edinburgh , said that lifting the lockdown "will allow Covid to spread through the population unchecked.

The result could be a Darwinian culling of the elderly and vulnerable. Martin Wolf , chief commentator at the Financial Times wrote that "the UK has made blunder after blunder, with fatal results".

Those 20 days of government delay are the single most important reason why the UK has the second highest number of deaths from the coronavirus in the world.

On 28 April the First Minister of Scotland , Nicola Sturgeon , advised the voluntary use of non-medical grade cloth face masks in Scotland to be used in enclosed spaces such as shops and public transport, but not generally in public excluding those who are under two years old or who have respiratory illnesses such as asthma.

Sturgeon noted their limitation and said co-operation with the face mask guidance was voluntary. In mid-April a member of the Cabinet told The Telegraph that there was no exit plan yet.

In early May, research was published which concluded that if the most vulnerable the elderly and those with certain underlying illnesses were completely shielded , the lockdown could mostly be lifted, avoiding "a huge economic, social and health cost", without significantly increasing severe infections and deaths.

On 8 May the Welsh Government relaxed restrictions on exercise and allowed some garden centres and recycling facilities would reopen.

Johnson made a second televised address on 10 May, changing the slogan from 'Stay at Home' to 'Stay Alert'.

People will die unnecessarily. The next day the government published a page roadmap of what exiting lockdown could look like. The Northern Ireland Executive published a five-stage plan for exiting lockdown on 12 May, but unlike the plans announced in England the plans did not include any dates of when steps may be taken.

On 15 May, Mark Drakeford announced a traffic light plan to remove the lockdown restrictions in Wales, which would start no earlier than 29 May.

Healthcare in the UK is a devolved matter, with England , Northern Ireland , Scotland and Wales each having their own systems of publicly funded healthcare, funded by and accountable to separate governments and parliaments.

As a result of each country having different policies, laws and priorities, a variety of differences now exist between these systems.

On 16 March, Boris Johnson held a conference call with business leaders and set them the target of delivering 30, ventilators in a fortnight; the government also declined to join an emergency European Union scheme to procure ventilators and other emergency equipment like personal protective equipment PPE for hospital staff, saying the UK was no longer part of the EU and that this was area in which it was making its own efforts.

On 16 March, primary care magazine Pulse reported doctors were receiving out-of-date PPE that had had its use-by date covered with a sticker saying "".

On 22 March, in a letter with 3, signatures published in The Times , NHS staff asked Johnson to "protect the lives of the life-savers" and resolve the what they saw as the "unacceptable" shortage of protective equipment.

On 31 March, 10, health workers wrote to the prime minister demanding better safeguards, including the right PPE.

On 10 April the UK Government sent out a document to PPE suppliers informing them that suppliers of certain medical equipment, including protective masks, gloves and aprons, must be registered with the Care Quality Commission , which regulates all health and social care services in England only.

There was not a similar agreement in place between suppliers and Care Inspectorate Wales or the Care Inspectorate of Scotland.

Gloves were counted individually, rather than as pairs, for instance, and non-PPE items, such as paper towels and detergent, were included in the figure.

On 21 March, the NHS had agreed to use, at cost price, almost the entire private health system, bringing 20, medical staff into the national effort.

Shortly after confirming that the cause of the cluster of pneumonia in Wuhan was a new coronavirus, Chinese authorities had shared its genetic sequence for international developments of diagnostic kits.

These tests would allow people to know if they were immune and therefore able to "go back to work". On 28 March the editor-in-chief of The Lancet published a condemnation of what he saw as government inaction and ignoring of WHO advice.

The governments of Scotland and Northern Ireland governments signed up to use the portal that England were using.

The Welsh Government went on to partner with Amazon to create a portal. Later this was scrapped with the Welsh Government citing issues around collecting of data having been resolved with the UK government's portal and now wanted to use it, having only released their version across south east Wales.

In May, the Department of Health and Social Care and Public Health England confirmed that two samples taken from single subjects, such as in the common saliva and nasal swab test , are processed as two separate tests.

On 18 May testing was extended to anyone over the age of five after the governments of all four nations agreed to the change.

Following staff being asked to work from home on 26 February in London, while a person was awaiting a test result for the virus, PHE expanded testing around the UK to include people with flu-like symptoms at GP surgeries and eight hospitals: the Royal Brompton and Harefield , Guy's and St Thomas' and Addenbrookes Hospital , as well as hospitals at Brighton and Sussex , Nottingham , South Manchester , Sheffield , Leicester.

Scotland were developing their own contact tracing system, with contact tracing being done by telephone rather than an app.

The Swiss pharmaceutical company Roche Diagnostics and the Welsh Government had a gentleman's agreement, verbally and through emails.

Dr Cooper blamed the UK government "for gazumping Wales's Covid testing deal" with Roche; this left Wales only able to carry out tests a day.

Public Health England said that it had not interfered with any contract but said "The UK Government recently asked us to establish a partnership with Roche to support increased diagnostic testing in the UK for Covid The test will be rolled out, prioritised and managed and will also be available in care homes.

According to Health Minister Vaughan Gething, this test is an important part of the "Test, Trace, Protect" strategy which will help Wales come out of lockdown.

On 4 May, a test version of the NHS's contact tracing app was released. Matthew Gould , CEO of NHSX , the government department responsible for the app, said the data would be accessible to other organisations for legitimate public health reasons, but could not list which.

The Scottish government said they would not recommend the app until they could be confident it would work and would be secure.

Digital inclusion advocates told the Culture, Media and Sport Committee in May that there was a digital divide with the app, with many people missing out due to not having access to the Internet or having poor IT skills.

In March , UK Research and Innovation announced [] the launch of a website to explain the scientific evidence and the facts about the virus, the disease, the epidemic, and its control, in a bid to dispel misinformation.

A quarter of those surveyed felt that the pandemic had been exaggerated by the media indicating that criticism could be eroding trust.

Polls by YouGov, the Reuters Institute, Survation , Ipsos MORI and research by Ofcom , concluded that broadcasters and newspapers were widely considered to be the most trusted sources of information on pandemic.

A study by a team of researchers from the University of Sheffield and Ulster University concluded that young men were more likely to break lockdown rules than women.

The study concluded that those suffering from depression were more likely to break the rules. Around half of the participants said that they felt anxious during the restrictions.

The team called on the government to issue better target messages for young people. Approximately eight out of 10 of those who were issued fines were men.

Research by the Institute for Fiscal Studies concluded that children from wealthy homes were spending more time studying at home when compared to those from the poorest households.

The UK Government put an order in for 10, devices. The UK government ordered 15, of these devices. Jaguar Land Rover JLR produced a reusable visor with the first deliveries just before Easter, and shared the designs to allow wider manufacture.

The pandemic was widely disruptive to the economy of the United Kingdom, with most sectors and workforces adversely affected. Some temporary shutdowns became permanent; some people who were furloughed were later made redundant.

Stars appeared on one of 5 virtual stages and performed from their homes, with the event also featuring past performances from previous Big Weekend events.

A number of artists began painting portraits of NHS workers , as a way of organising their work and thanking the for it. On 26 March the National Theatre launched National Theatre at Home, a two-month programme whereby a different production from its archives would be streamed for free each week.

Television programmes to be affected included forthcoming series of Peaky Blinders and Line of Duty , which had their filming schedules delayed.

On 17 March, the BBC announced major changes to the schedule across the network. While some programmes were suspended, others such as Newsnight and The Andrew Marr Show continued with a smaller number of production staff.

Some podcasts were also suspended. The coronavirus pandemic affected British military deployments at home and abroad. Unlike the police and some other civil agencies, members of the armed forces during peacetime have no powers over and above those of ordinary citizens.

The armed forces helped to build temporary hospitals, testing centres and mortuaries, and supported ambulance services across the country.

On 26 April , forces were reported as testing critical workers and people at risk, in areas with "significant" demand. Following cases in Italy, the Cransley School in Northwich , Cheshire, and Trinity Catholic College in Middlesbrough closed, as some of their pupils had returned with symptoms from Italy.

Fourteen schools in England had closed by 28 February. Cambridge University closed all buildings from 20 March, [] which was criticised by the local UCU as students from countries with weaker healthcare provisions would be forced to return home.

Coventry University first suspended all graduation ceremonies due to be held in March and April, [] and from 20 March, suspended all face-to-face teaching, in favour of on-line delivery.

All UK schools closed by 20 March for an indefinite period of time, [] [] [] [] except for children of key workers and vulnerable children.

It was one of more than a hundred pride events to be postponed or cancelled in the UK. According to data from the National Police Chiefs' Council, around 9, people were issued fines for breaking lockdown rules in England and Wales, between 27 March and 27 April.

There were repeat offenders in the figures with one person fined 9 times. The Easter weekend 11 and 12 April had the highest amount of fines issued within the period.

The Crown Prosecution Service stated 56 people were wrongly charged, mainly due to Welsh regulations being applied in England and vice versa.

The figures highlighted that people were attracted to rural beauty spots with two areas Loch Lomond and Stirling in the top five areas of Scotland for breaches.

There have been reports of hate incidents against Italian and Chinese persons and a Singaporean student was assaulted in London in an attack that police linked to coronavirus fears.

On 9 May, police broke up an anti-lockdown protest took place in London consisting of around 40 people. It was thought to be the first such protest in the UK following protests in other nations.

Following a conspiracy theory regarding 5G mobile phone masts , 77 mobile phone masts were attacked across the country, [] including the one serving NHS Nightingale hospital in Birmingham.

Philip Jansen, the chief executive of BT, said that 39 engineers had been physically or verbally assaulted by members of the public, with some also receiving death threats.

Following the commencement of the job retention scheme, there had been over reports of fraudulent claims by mid-May. Employers were accused of claiming whilst still having employees attend work.

In the scam recipients would receive a text stating that they had been in contact with someone with COVID and were directed to a website to input their personal details.

There had also been reports of scams involving the replacement school meals scheme and incidents of people posing as government officials and council workers depending on their target along with fake IT workers.

On 17 March, trials lasting longer than three days were postponed until May in England and Wales, while Scottish courts were not starting any new trial indefinitely.

In England and Wales those cases already running would continue in the hope of reaching a conclusion. On 18 March, the first coronavirus case was reported within the UK prison population.

The prisoner, who had been serving time in HMP Manchester commonly referred to as Strangeways , was moved to a hospital. While no other prisoners or staff tested positive for the virus, thirteen prisoners and four members of staff were put into isolation as a precaution.

During mid-March, people were released from immigration detention centres because of the pandemic following a campaign by charities concerned with an outbreak of COVID in the centres.

The Chief Rabbi in the United Kingdom advised the suspension of worship in synagogues, and the Muslim Council of Britain ordered the closure of mosques in the country.

Charles last saw the Queen on 12 March, one day before the earliest date medical experts believed he would have been contagious.

Princes William and Harry both sent messages out via social media in response to the pandemic on 19 March. Further royal events in May and June were postponed or cancelled including Princess Beatrice's wedding.

The men's and women's Six Nations Championship tournaments were suspended. Marinakis had met with several Arsenal players when the London side hosted Olympiacos in a Europa League round of 32 match.

The next week saw a flurry of further sporting cancellations in football, [] rugby, [] and netball. According to the ruling, the sporting events will have no spectators in attendance and take place behind closed doors.

When he arrived in Mauritius, the Mauritian had no symptoms. On 16 June, it was widely reported in British media that New Zealand's first COVID cases in 24 days were diagnosed in two British women, both of whom had travelled from the UK and were given special permission to visit a dying parent.

The women had entered the country on 7 June, after first flying into Doha and Brisbane. It "could be the major cause, a contributory factor or simply present when they are dying of something else".

The Office for National Statistics ONS issues a weekly report covering England and Wales, which counts all deaths where coronavirus was mentioned on the death certificate ; not necessarily as the main cause of death.

This figure is higher because it also counts deaths where no test was done. There is also large regional variation in the pandemic's severity.

The outbreak in London has the highest number and highest rate of infections. On 22 April, The Financial Times estimated that 41, may have died by that date, by extrapolating the ONS data and counting all deaths above the average for the time of year.

The Chief Medical Officer for England warned that even the ONS figures on coronavirus deaths in care homes are likely to be "an underestimate" and said he is "sure we will see a high mortality rate sadly in care homes, because this is a very, very vulnerable group".

The Guardian wrote in May that across the UK around 8, more people had died in their homes since the start of the pandemic, when compared to normal times.

The statistics additionally showed a drop in non COVID deaths in hospitals, leading many to think that people who normally would have been admitted were avoiding hospitals.

The number of cases in the table represent laboratory confirmed cases only. In the week ending 19 June, registered deaths fell below the average for the previous five years for the first time since mid-March.

Different demographics in the UK have been affected to different degrees by the coronavirus pandemic, leading to calls to investigate what the medical, social and cultural reasons for the discrepancy might be.

Research carried out by The Guardian newspaper concluded that ethnic minorities in England when compared to white people were dying in disproportionately high numbers.

The Office for National Statistics ONS , meanwhile, wrote that in England and Wales black men were four times more likely to die from coronavirus than white men, from figures gathered between 2 March to 10 April.

John Campbell have pointed to Vitamin D deficiency as a possible cause of the discrepancy, but the theory remains unproven.

The study also concluded that BAME women were four times more likely to be hospitalised than white women. The ONS study, using data collected to the 17 April across England and Wales, concluded that men in low skilled jobs were four times more likely to die from the virus than those in professional jobs.

Women who worked as carers were twice as likely to die than those who worked in technical or professional jobs. The GMB trade union commented on the findings that ministers must stop any return to work until "proper guidelines, advice and enforcement are in place to keep people safe.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from coronavirus pandemic in the United Kingdom.

This article may be too long to read and navigate comfortably. Please consider splitting content into sub-articles, condensing it, or adding subheadings.

May Confirmed cases per , residents [nb 1]. This section may be too long and excessively detailed. Please consider summarizing the material while citing sources as needed.

Deaths reported for Tuesday 24 March only covered from to on that day; subsequent reporting is for hour periods from to The UK is a developed country with the sixth largest economy in the world.

It was a superpower during the 18th, 19th and early 20th century and was considered since the early s to be the most powerful and influential nation in the world, in politics, economics For it was the wealthiest country at the time.

Britain continued to be the biggest manufacturing economy in the world until and the largest economy until the s. The economic cost of two world wars and the decline of the British Empire in the s and s reduced its leading role in global affairs.

The UK has strong economic, cultural, military and political influence and is a nuclear power. London , the capital, is famous as being the largest centre of finance in the world, along with New York City in the United States.

William Shakespeare was an English playwright. He wrote plays in the late 16th century. Some of his plays were Romeo and Juliet and Macbeth.

In the 19th century, Jane Austen and Charles Dickens were novelists. Twentieth century writers include the science fiction novelist H.

Wells and J. The children's fantasy Harry Potter series was written by J. Aldous Huxley was also from the United Kingdom.

English language literature is written by authors from many countries. Seamus Heaney is a writer who was born in Northern Ireland. He was from Edinburgh.

The poet Dylan Thomas brought Welsh culture to international attention. England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales have separate, but similar, systems of education.

They all have rules that education is required from ages five to eighteen, except for in Scotland where school departure is allowed from the age of sixteen.

Many children attend state schools and other children attend private schools. A broader group of twenty universities form the Russell Group , which account for two thirds of research grants and contract funding out of the total of universities.

Road traffic in the United Kingdom drives on the left hand side of the road unlike the Americas and some of Europe , and the driver steers from the right hand side of the vehicle.

The road network on the island of Great Britain is extensive, with most local and rural roads having evolved from Roman and Medieval times.

Major routes developed in the mid 20th Century were made to the needs of the motor car. The high speed motorway freeway network was mostly constructed in the s and s and links together major towns and cities.

The system of rail transport was invented in England and Wales, so the United Kingdom has the oldest railway network in the world.

It was built mostly during the Victorian era. At the heart of the network are five long distance main lines which radiate from London to the major cities and secondary population centres with dense commuter networks within the regions.

The British Rail network is part privatised, with privately owned train operating companies providing service along particular lines or regions, whilst the tracks, signals and stations are owned by a Government controlled company called Network Rail.

The system of underground railways in London, known as the Tube , has been copied by many other cities. Most domestic air travel in the United Kingdom is between London and the major cities in Scotland and the North of England and Belfast.

Other major airports with principal international service include London-Gatwick, Birmingham, Manchester and Glasgow.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from UK. Show globe. Show map of Europe. British Briton Irish Northern Ireland only.

See also: History of the United Kingdom. See also: English literature. In the English tradition, such laws are not necessary; proclamation and usage are sufficient to make it the national anthem.

The words Queen, she, her , used at present in the reign of Elizabeth II , are replaced by King, he, him when the monarch is male.

Other TLDs are used regionally. Official web site of the British Royal Family. Retrieved 4 June Council of Europe.

Retrieved 12 December UK — Content design: planning, writing and managing content — Guidance". Retrieved 3 August Retrieved 13 October The Independent.

United Nations Statistics Division. Retrieved 9 August Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 December International Monetary Fund.

April Retrieved 27 April Retrieved 7 March United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 14 September Earlier species of man had lived in this area.

Retrieved 21 June Ethnologue: languages of the world, 15th ed,. Dallas, Tex. Online version. CS1 maint: extra punctuation link.

Countries, territories and dependencies of the United Kingdom. England Northern Ireland Scotland Wales. Countries and territories of Europe.

Territory or with territory geographically part of North America 3. Partially recognized. Territory has some form of self-rule.

Territory or with territory geographically part of Africa. Group of Eight G8. Group of Seven G7. European Union.

Leaders Longest serving Summit resorts Junior 8.

Wikipedia.Org.Uk Navigationsmenü

Autor Text : Jon Wornham. Visit web page Weiternutzung dieser Datei. Anders ist es bei der. Und natürlich: Gerne link Sonderzeichen nach dem Punycode source werden nicht von jedem Domain-Registrar unterstützt. Beschreibung Stourhead House - geograph. Wikipedia.Org.Uk